Mr. Jean-Pierre Clamadieu is a graduate of the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines of Paris and ingénieur du Corps des Mines. He began his carrier in various positions within the French Civil Service, in particular for the Ministry of Industry and as technical adviser in the Ministry of Labour. In 1993, he joined the Rhône-Poulenc Group and held various executive positions. In 2003, he was appointed Chief Executive Officer of the Rhodia Group and in 2008, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer. In September 2011, further to the combination between the groups Rhodia and Solvay, Mr. Clamadieu became Vice-Chairman of the Executive Committee of Solvay and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Rhodia. Since May 2012, Mr. Clamadieu has been Chairman of the Executive Committee and member of the Board of Directors of Solvay.