Mr. Denis Duverne is a graduate of the École des Hautes Études Commerciales (HEC). After graduating from the École Nationale d'Administration (ENA), he started his career in 1979 at the Tax Department of the French Ministry of Finance, and after 2 years as commercial counsellor for the French Consulate General in New York, he became director of the Corporate Taxes Department and then responsible for tax policy within the French Ministry of Finance from 1986 to 1991. In 1991, he was appointed Corporate Secretary of Compagnie Financière IBI. In 1992, he became a member of the Executive Committee of Banque Colbert, in charge of operations. In 1995, Mr. Denis Duverne joined the AXA Group and assumed responsibility for supervision of AXA's operations in the US and the UK and managed the reorganization of AXA companies in Belgium and the United Kingdom. From February 2003 until December 2009, Mr. Duverne was the Management Board member in charge of Finance, Control and Strategy. From January 2010 until April 2010, Mr. Duverne assumed broader responsibilities as Management Board member in charge of Finance, Strategy and Operations. From April 2010 to August 31, 2016, Mr. Denis Duverne was director and Deputy Chief Executive Officer of AXA, in charge of Finance, Strategy and Operations. Mid-2014, Mr. Denis Duverne became a member of the Private Sector Advisory Group (PSAG), which brings together international leaders of the private sector whose shared goal is to help developing countries improve their corporate governance, co-founded in 1999 by the World Bank and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Since September 1, 2016, Mr. Denis Duverne has been non-executive Chairman of the Board of Directors of AXA.