Mr. Peter Kraus earned a BA from Trinity College and an MBA from New York University. Mr. Kraus has more than thirty years of experience in accounting and the financial markets, including investment banking, asset management, and private wealth management. He was an audit partner at Peat Marwick Mitchell & Co before joining Goldman Sachs in 1986. During his 22-year tenure at Goldman Sachs, Mr. Kraus also served as co-head of the Financial Institutions Group (FIG). He worked in FIG Tokyo from 1990 to 1991. He was named a partner at Goldman Sachs in 1994 and managing director in 1996. Mr. Kraus was co-head of Goldman Sachs' Investment Management Division for more than 7 years and in addition to this role, he was a member of the firm's Management Committee, head of firm-wide strategy and Chairman of the Strategy Committee. In 2008, Mr. Kraus was appointed executive vice-president at Merrill Lynch, where he was responsible for overseeing the firm's business strategy and investments, global growth plans and opportunities. Mr. Peter Kraus joined AllianceBernstein in December 2008 as Chairman & Chief Executive Officer. Since April 2010, he has been a member of the AXA Management Committee.