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For Victoria Melvin, “Increasing risk awareness among the public and private actors is a great first step as basic security measures are sufficient to prevent the many of the most harmful attacks.” But this is not enough. We also need to take action to fight these risks.

Ultimately, this first step should help change the way we perceive this risk: “There is still a misunderstanding that it is a technology risk, when it’s really a business risk”, she specifies.

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For Joanna J. Bryson, it is high time legislators regulated these technologies, while leaving room for further development and application: “We are at a significant juncture, and we need to determine the appropriate policies for the future.

In the same time, she notes that “AI will be easier to legislate around than institutions composed of humans because we can mandate accountability and transparency, for example the logging of decisions, the auditability of code as well as of training procedures.”.